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PostPosted: Wed Aug 13, 2008 9:12 pm 

Joined: 10 Jun 2008
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Hi everybody ,

This is a link to the original text in the arab foum : http://www.canaryfans.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=39214" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;

In this topic I'll discuss the natural sources of vitamins that can be fed to birds as a substitute for the artificial vitamins and medicines that causes harms to birds as much as benefits .

CARBOHYDRATES:

Provide a steady source of energy , They can be found in millets , bread, cereals (low in sodium and sugar), pasta and rice.

PROTEINS:

- Building materials of body tissue, enzymes that regulate growth and functioning.
Sources: yogurt, low fat cheese and cottage cheese, meat, poultry (chicken, turkey), fish (water packed tuna), dried beans, corn, eggs, nuts, some bread.

FATS:

- Provides energy and aids in the absorption of calcium and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K).
Sources: egg yolks, grains, nuts and seeds.
Be careful of feeding seed as more then 10% of your birds diet.

VITAMINS:

"A" : Necessary for growth and cell membrane repair. Maintains the soft, moist condition of the cells in the skin and lining of the respiratory, reproductive, urinary and digestive tract, as well as prevention of night blindness by providing health to their eyes.
Source: fish liver oil, beef and chicken liver, orange (carrots) or yellow vegetables and fruits (mango, cantaloupe, papaya), green leafy vegetables (endive, kale, spinach), broccoli, zucchini, peas, sweet potatoes/yams, pumpkin, egg yolks , alfalfa sprouts, chard, peppers (red, green, sweet) and some cheeses.

"B" : Assists the body in responding to stress (most important during breeding, molting and quarantine periods. They also aid in energy production at cell level, internal growth, and the digestion of carbohydrates and proteins.
Source: whole unrefined grains (cracked and whole wheat, brown rice, rye and wheat germ), leafy vegetables, nuts, sunflower and millet seeds, lemons, bananas, broccoli and eggs.

"C" : Helps maintain strong cell walls and blood vessels. Also helps the body utilize iron, folic acid and Vitamin A. The need for Vitamin C is increased by stress or disease, so provide extra Vitamin C when your bird is molting, breeding or ill.
Source: citrus fruits (apples, grapefruit, oranges, lemons, limes and tangerines), melons (cantaloupe and watermelon), bananas, kiwi, apricots, peaches and strawberries. Potatoes, broccoli, bell peppers, tomatoes, spinach, asparagus, peas, zucchini, cabbage and kale/chard.

"D-3" : Maintains proper calcium and phosphorous balance in your birds system.
Source: Sunlight ( 5 minutes in summer – half an hour in winter ) , full spectrum lighting, and egg yolks.

"E" : Antioxidant, helps maintain the integrity of individual cell membranes (related to normal growth patterns), aids the body in response to stress, and is necessary for the digestion of polyunsaturated fats and as an antioxidant (helps prevent cells from damage during fat breakdown).
Source: egg yolks , alfalfa sprouts, wheat germ, almonds, hazelnuts, green leafy vegetables, peanuts, peanut butter and whole grains.

"K" : Necessary for blood clotting.
Source: leafy green vegetables (kale, spinach, cabbage and turnip greens), whole wheat, oats, bran, soy beans, alfalfa sprouts, carrots and cauliflower.

CALCIUM AND PHOSPHORUS:

- Necessary for strong bones .
Source: cottage cheese, unprocessed cheeses, yogurt, tofu (bean curd), egg shell, collard and turnip greens, kale, broccoli, cuttlebone and mineral block.

IRON:

- Produces hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying red blood cells).
Source: meat, poultry, fish, soybeans, egg yolks, wheat germ, nuts, kidney beans, chickpeas, and may have been added to cereals or breads (check the ingredient listing).

TRACE MINERALS:

Chromium : bread, cereal and pasta.
Zinc : wheat germ, whole grains, eggs and potatoes.
Magnesium: wheat germ, bran, whole grains, nuts and some leafy green vegetables.
Potassium: potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams, squash, bran, wheat germ, leafy green vegetables and legumes.

The following list is for foods that you should never feed to cockatiels :
Alcoholic beverages : cause brain damage and death .
Avocado : causes death within hours of ingestion .
Caffeine in any form : causes hyperactivity that leads to death.
Chocolate in any form : causes hyperactivity that leads to death .
High-Fat foods ( like fried potatoes ) : causes liver disease.
Rhubarb leaves : causes death .
Salt in excess : causes depression that leads to death .

This topic is a collection of information from many websites and books in addition to personal experiences .

Best wishes and good luck :)




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PostPosted: Sun Aug 17, 2008 6:40 pm 
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Joined: 20 Jan 2008
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Thank you alot

God bless you.




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PostPosted: Sun Aug 17, 2008 9:49 pm 

Joined: 10 Jun 2008
Posts: 98
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Hi brother Abdo Abu Seir ,

You are welcome and God bless you too !

Best wishes and good luck :)



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